Pajamas or pyjamas, typically shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can check with a number of relevant sorts of outfits originating from the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are loose-fitting garments derived from the original garment and worn chiefly for sleeping, but at times also for lounging, also by the two sexes.[three] Additional frequently, pajamas may make reference to numerous garments, for the two daywear and nightwear, derived from standard pajamas and involving versions of style and materials.
The word pyjama  was borrowed c. 1800 in the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[six] The first pyjāmā are unfastened, light-weight trousers equipped with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans all through East India Enterprise rule in India.[seven][eight]
The all over the world usage of pajamas (the phrase plus the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India inside the 18th and 19th centuries, as well as the British influence on the wider Western world during the Victorian period. Pajamas were released to England as "lounging attire" as early because the seventeenth century, then referred to as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) but they soon fell outside of manner. The term pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the primary 50 percent in the nineteenth century. They did not turn into a manner in Britain plus the Western planet as sleeping attire for guys right up until the Victorian time period, from about 1870.
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Text and Phrases (1886) summarizes the point out of utilization at time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
Such a garment is employed by several individuals in India e.g. by Ladies of various lessons, by Sikh Gentlemen, and most by Mohammedans of both of those sexes. It absolutely was adopted through the Mohammedans by Europeans as an posting of dishabille and of evening attire, and is particularly synonymous with Very long Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It truly is probable that we English took the pattern zenske pidzame just like a excellent many Many others with the Portuguese. Hence Pyrard (c. 1610) says, in Talking of Goa Clinic: "Ils ont drive calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The phrase is now Employed in London retailers. An acquaintance furnishes the next reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Street, some on forty many years back, in reply to an issue why pyjammas experienced ft sewn on to them (as was sometimes the situation with These furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I think, Sir, it really is because of the White Ants."[ten]
Regular pajamas consist of a jacket-and-trousers combination crafted from delicate cloth, including flannel or light-weight cotton. The jacket aspect typically contains a placket front and its sleeves haven't any cuffs. Lots of individuals opt to snooze or lounge in just the pajama trousers, possibly having a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. This is why, pajama pants for men and boys will often be offered as separates.
In colloquial speech, these common pajamas are frequently termed PJs, jim jams, or jammies. In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally generally known as night fits.
Some pajamas feature a drop seat (generally known as a trap doorway or butt flap): a buttoned opening during the seat, created to enable the wearer to conveniently utilize a toilet. Fall seats were being very common on pajamas manufactured ahead of the 1950s, but while in the early 20-initial century They can be alternatively uncommon.
Up to date
Present-day pajamas are derived from conventional pajamas. There are various variants in style including small sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms of varying size,[sixteen] or, every now and then, 1-piece pajamas, and pajamas incorporating a variety of products. Chiefly within the US, stretch-knit rest attire with rib-knit trimmings are popular. Usually worn by kids, these garments typically have pullover tops (if two-piece) zenske pidzame or have zippers down the fronts (if just one-piece), and could also be footed.
Even though pajamas are generally distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping garments for example nightgowns, from the US, they may have sometimes included the latter as being a best. Babydoll pyjamas Have a very form of small costume major around shorts or short trousers.[eighteen]
Pajamas may perhaps today make reference to Ladies's mixture daywear, especially in the US in which they became well-liked inside the early twentieth century, consisting of quick-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight pants. Examples of these consist of capri pajamas, beach pajamas, and hostess pajamas.